I wrote this article after praying Jumat in Masjid Besar Kyai Gede (The Grand Mosque Kyai Gede) Bungah Gresik, Indonesia (21 Februari 2014). The khotib was Kyai Haji (Syaikh Al-Hajj) Muhammad Alauddin of Pondok Pesantren Qomaruddin Sampurnan Bungah Gresik, East Java Indonesia. In this article I will use Kyai Alauddin only to call him.
His khutbah was new paradigm for me myself. The substance actually was not new at all, but the essence and the description was new thing for me. His khutbah theme was about the unity of ummah, especially for Indonesian Muslims.
He began his khutbah by explain that Indonesian muslim must be unite to face Indonesia’s general election period during next April 2014. The dangerous of general election is making all muslim separated with each other, that’s make politic as number one factor of separation of ummah. But, more danger factor is the friction in the name of religion, especially among muslim. Thru this factor then we could see terrorism in the name of religion that done by a little part of muslims. Note: a little part of muslim.
عَنْ اَبِيْ هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُوْلُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهِ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ اِفْتَرَ قَتْ الْيَهُوْدُ عَلَىءِاحْدَىوَسَبْعِيْنَ فِرْقَةً, وَاَفْتَرَقَتْ النَّصَارَى عَلَى ائْنَتَيْنِ وَسَبْعِيْنَ فِرْقَةً. وَتَفَرَّقَ اُمَّتِى عَلَى ثَلاَثٍ وَسَبْعِيْنَ فِرْقَةً (رواه الاربعه)
(see more at: http://wajahbaroe.blogspot.com/2012/12/ahlusunnah-wal-jamaah.html)
Kyai Alauddin explain the hadith of Prophet Muhammad SAW, nearly, it explain that Jewish separate into 71 part, Christian separate into 72 part, and MY UMMAH (I make it in capital, writer) will be separate into 73 part. All of them (73 part) will be entered into the hell (Naar) except one MILLAH (I also make it in capital, writer), that is As-sunnah.
So, who is MY UMMAH and MILLAH in that hadith?
The explanation that I had heard di school, MY UMMAH is muslim, and MILLAH is a part of muslims. But, according to Kyai Alauddin’s explanation, MY UMMAH is not only muslim. If the definition of MY UMMAH in that hadith is muslim, it was an impossibility that muslim will only be separate into ONLY 73! We can see, in around the world, muslim was separate into more than 73 organization, mazhab, and also part of Islam. Then the definition that MY UMMAH is the muslims, became un-valid at all.
Then, who is MY UMMAH? According to Kyai Alauddin’s explanation, people or human being, since Prophet Muhammad era till kiamat (the end of the world), is included into MY UMMAH (the ummah of Muhammad).
Then, who is MILLAH? Actually the word ‘millah’ in that hadith was often used too freely to claim that the MILLAH itself was explaining only one of sect of Islam. Kyai Alauddin said if MILLAH was one of sect of Islam, that will be misuse, that was too dangerous, because the effect and the weapon of sects to become the only one right people among muslim themselves. Because muslim was about brotherhood, as explain in another hadith that explain, each muslims are brother and sister.
According to the hadith again, Rasulullah Muhammad SAW said that the MILLAH is people whom follow his (prophet) and his Sahabah’s way. And that was muslims! They who said shahadah!
Kyai Alauddin’s explanation on his khutbah I thing influenced by his experience of education in Middle East. I thought that Middle East as one of important place in the world as the place where some religion were born, make him face the sect of religion nearly, directly, and openly than in Indonesia. And the explanation was relatively new for me. Why it is new? because even I had ever heard the hadith in classroom in my school time, that hadith was being kept by some religion sect, so that makes me too un-wide to see the whole meaning of the hadith itself. Wallahu a’lam.
Perhaps some reader will says where is the transcript of the khutbah, or more clear explanation about the hadith, you can contact Kyai Alauddin directly in Pondok Pesantren Qomaruddin Sampurnan Bungah Gresik, East Java Indonesia. 🙂 [Afif E.]
P.S: sorry for my unclear Indonesian-English